The European Parliament published on 5 July 2005 a resolution further supporting ETAP. The resolution pointed out to several policies within the EU that have some positive effects on boosting the demand for environmental technologies. But it also signalled fragmentation in such policies. The Parliament seeks concrete proposals on how to expand environmental technology uptake by placing emphasis on the development of the demand for such technologies. This section presents a list of subsidies which directly or indirectly promote polluting production and consumption, thereby creating unfair competition for cleaner technologies; and to analyse the extent to which Community rules act as a brake on the use and spread of environmental technologies.